Franchise Tax Board v. Construction Laborers Vacation Trust
463 U.S. 1 (1983)
2 prong test:
- well-pleaded complaint: least the plaintiff needs in the complaint to fully state the complaint against defendant, without anticipating response to the claim.
- Establishes that federal law creates the cause of action or that the plaintiff’s right of relief depends on a resolution of a question of federal law.
New Information, questions, etc:
A case “arises under” federal law where “the vindication of a right under state law necessarily turned on some construction on federal law.” (225).